Friday, August 29, 2014

Forgotten Book: Oil! by Upton Sinclair (1927)

Does it surprise you to hear that Big corporate houses fund an election or that industrialists pay bribes on their way to setting up Big empires? If my guess is correct, your answer is also No. These things are so commonplace that one doesn't even bat an eyelid when hearing about them let alone question the morality of these practices. So reading Upton Sinclair's Oil! was like stepping back into an age of innocence when the ethics of these practices were debated upon, when people questioned whether people who did not produce had a right to enjoy the results of labour, and when Soviet Russia was seen as a panacea for all ills that trouble this old old earth of ours. More than anything else, this faith in that great Communist experiment touched me deeply because it made me realise how great a shock it must have been when communism too failed to provide the necessary succour and how great a distance we have traversed since the publication of the book.



And at what stage of life shall a boy say to his father, your way of life is wrong and you must let me take charge of it?

A bildungroman, Oil! unfolds through the eyes of Bunny whom we meet for the first time as he travels with his father, James Arnold Ross, to see a property which might produce oil. From then on, his father grows rich as he acquires more and more oil wells and Bunny acquires a social conscience as he befriends a waif, Paul Watkins. Watkins, tutored by a free thinker and later a soldier in WWI who also spends time in Siberia and is later a labourer and a communist, makes a deep impact on Bunny with his philosophy of life. This inevitably leads to clashes with his father and the best part of the book is that points are debated. It is not merely ruthless, blood-suckers industrialists vs hungry, downtrodden labourers or devoted communists vs debauched capitalists. There are debates and discussions and the father (who is in many ways a very decent character) forcefully proves his own point of view too. There is even a debate regarding socialism vis a vis communism and the socialist is dismissive of the methods employed by the communists.

In his march towards adulthood, Bunny also falls in and out of love with socialites and Hollywood starlets (and this gives Sinclair the perfect opportunity to depict the Roaring Twenties) . In fact, wikipedia tells me that a sex scene in a motel so offended sensibilities that it was banned in Boston.. Sinclair's publisher printed 150 copies of a "fig-leaf edition" with the offending nine pages blacked out. Sinclair protested the banning and hoped to bring an obscenity case to trial. He did not do so, but the controversy helped make the book a bestseller. So obviously controversy always sells.



This is my third Sinclair after King Coal, and Jungle and though I admire his devotion to depict the ills of this world, his novels tend to get didactic in parts. At 527 pages, this was way too long and eventually I just wanted it to end. However, I am still interested to read more of him, especially Boston, which I have heard is based on a real-life incident.

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First Line: The road ran, smooth and flawless precisely fourteen feet wide, the edges trimmed as if by shears, a ribbon of grey concrete, rolled out over the valley by a giant hand.

Title: Oil!
Author: Upton Sinclair
Publishing details: London: T. Werner, Laurie Ltd., 1936.
First Published: 1927
Pages: 527
Trivia: The 2007 movie, There Will Be Blood, is loosely based on the book.



Other books read of the same author:  The Jungle, and King Coal

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Entry for Friday's Forgotten Books today @ Evan Lewis' blog.


10 comments:

  1. I must admit, it's the length that has always put me off but this sounds very interesting all the same - thanks Neeru.

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    1. It was interesting Sergio but too long for its own good. :)

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  2. I haven't seen the Daniel Day Lewis movie (for which he won an Oscar) yet though I've been meaning to. I guess I'm not that eager. But Upton Sinclair rings a bell from my old school days. I wonder if we read him then. Probably.

    Thanks for this reminder, Neer. I do like it when ideas - real ideas - are discussed in books. For this alone I'm adding this title to my TBR mountain. :)

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    1. Yvette, I too like novels of ideas and Sinclair does present some very thought provoking issues. I look forward to your reading and reviewing of it.

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  3. Nicely reviewed, Neer. I haven't read anything by Upton Sinclair but for a moment I confused the title with Jonathan Black's OIL which, of course, was very different from this one.

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    1. Thanks Prashant. I haven't heard of Jonathan Black. Is he a contemporary writer? What is his novel about?

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    2. Neer, Black is not a contemporary writer. His books have been compared to those of Harold Robbins because of their titillating content. OIL is a politico-corporate thriller revolving around oil exploration in China and involving rival companies and the powers-that-be in Washington. His novels were around when I was in my teens.

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    3. Thanks Prashant for the info but both the novel and the writer are not for me.:)

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  4. Neeru - Thank you for a fine review, as ever. Sinclair really did discuss some of those bigger and truly important questions that aren't debated as much in novels of these days. I also like it that some of these issues are taken down to the 'human' level in his work.

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    1. Thanks Margot. I like novels where ideas are debated and you are so right that contemporary literature seems to be lacking in it.

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